|From the 1880s through to the early 1900s, Shaw’s work was much imitated by speculative builders for middle class housing and large, fussy, red brick houses with porches, wooden verandas, small window panes in the upper sashes - and the occasional Dutch gable - became a familiar part of the outer suburbs of London and other large towns and cities. Stained glass became popular for front doors and porches while the floor and dados of porches and hallways were often finished in decorative tiles which were produced in huge quantities from the 1870s. After 1905, pargetting – decorative relief plasterwork - recalling the seventeenth century domestic architecture of Essex and Suffolk – pebble dash and half timbered gables became popular. In the hands of speculative builders, suburban villas began to look like enlarged cottages. Although roofs were prominent, houses were generally not as tall and there was now a greater horizontal look to the facade. Plans tended to be squarer and without a basement the main living rooms now had direct access to the garden.|
Some of these features found their way down to the better quality artisan terraced house built around 1900. Often with their own name in imitation of the larger house, these were villas within a terrace; they provided homes for the upwardly mobile artisan and clerk – like the fictitious Mr Pooter of ‘The Laurels’, Holloway, London. Terraced houses of between four and six rooms remained the answer for mass urban housing. Typically laid out in straight, monotonous streets with little open space and erected by small builders employing local methods and material they still exhibited considerable local and regional variety. From the 1870s, national and local legislation aimed at improving public health at least ensured that basic standards of construction, sanitation and adequate space – front and back - were maintained.
Univariate posterior distributions of power spectrum amplitudes for a test without (left panel) and with (right panel) foreground corrections over the full range of Fourier modes considered in this work. Red lines correspond to the true underlying cosmological power spectrum from which mock data sets were generated. The left panel clearly shows that uncorrected foreground effects yield excessive power for large-scale modes and also introduce an overall biased result. In contrast, the right panel shows results obtained from our test with foreground corrections. Clearly, a detailed treatment of all foreground effects permits us to obtain an unbiased measurement of power spectrum amplitudes over the full range of Fourier modes.
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